The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Clinical microbiology is usually a broad range of testing methodologies. It focuses on patient’s infections from testing to identifying the bacterial, parasitical, viral and fungal infections. It is very much useful in the culture based methods and phenotypic methods. It may include the stages of testing as pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical. Based on the type of pathogens and their modes of transmission into the host body, a treatment can be implied and varied. Microbiology has various applications in different fields like medicine, agriculture, industry etc.
- Track 1-1Infectious diseases and microorganisms
- Track 1-2Epidemiology
- Track 1-3Microbial culture
- Track 1-4Microscopy
- Track 1-5Biochemical test
- Track 1-6Polymerase chain reaction
Immunology is a branch of medical and biological sciences that studies the immune system. It is concerned with the physiological functioning of the immune system, including health and disease, as well as the malfunctions of the immune system. The immune system is capable of distinguishing between self and non-self substances. An antigen is a material that activates the immune system by triggering lymphocytes. The immune system responds by secreting the antibodies which are proteins to neutralize the disease causing micro-organisms and thus protects us from being sick.
- Track 2-1Immune system
- Track 2-2Molecular and cellular components
- Track 2-3Lymphocytes
- Track 2-4Epidemiology and medicine
- Track 2-5Innate immune system
- Track 2-6Adaptive immune system
A Bacterial infection is the multiplication of deadly strains of bacteria on or inside any part of the body. There are many different types of bacteria that can cause illness. It is a small organism that can invade into our body including skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain and more. Pneumonia, meningitis and food poisoning can cause by the bacteria. Some of the good bacteria called innate bacteria help to digest food and protect the body from harmful bacteria.
- Track 3-1Single cell organisms
- Track 3-2Gram-positive bacteria
- Track 3-3Gram-negative bacteria
- Track 3-4Genetic analysis test
- Track 3-5Antibiotics
Parasites are the organism that can survive on or within another organism or host and gaining benefits from that organism. They multiply, infiltrate organ system and make their host to sick resulting in parasitic infection. They normally enter into our bodies through our mouth or through our skin. Some of them can transmitted by insects bites. Parasitic infections can mainly cause by three types of organisms as protozoa, Helminths and ectoparasites.
- Track 4-1Infectious disease
- Track 4-2Protozoa
- Track 4-3Helminths
- Track 4-4Ectoparasites
- Track 4-5Antiparasitic drugs
Viral diseases are health conditions or illness caused by virus. The viruses are the microscopic organisms that can spread through contaminated objects. They cannot replicate it without the host cells. They are made up of with a small genetic material such as DNA or RNA that is enclosed by a protein or lipid coat. The structural characteristic of virus is genome type, virion shape and replication site. Diseases caused by the virus include rabies, herpes and ebola.
- Track 5-1Genome type
- Track 5-2Virion shape
- Track 5-3Replication site
- Track 5-4Baltimore group
Cancer immunology is the branch of biology that is associated with the role of understanding about the immune system in the development of cancer and the therapy includes the process that engages the immune system in the treatment of cancer. This can be done by stimulating the natural defenses of the immune system to find and attack the cancer cells. There are several types of immunotherapy methods they are immune checkpoint inhibitors, T-cell transfer therapy, monoclonal antibodies, treatment vaccines, immune system modulators.
- Track 6-1Immune system
- Track 6-2Tumor immunology
- Track 6-3Cancer treatment
- Track 6-4Targeted therapy
- Track 6-5Interferonâ€™s
- Track 6-6Interleukins
Plant biotechnology is characterized as the precise process of developing the useful and beneficial plants using scientific techniques. Enhancing the nutritional quality of the crops, increasing yield and quality, heat and drought resistance, herbicide and insect resistance are only a few of the causes. In animal biotechnology, molecular biology techniques are used to genetically modify the genome of the animals in order to improve their suitability for agriculture, industrial or pharmaceutical applications
- Track 7-1Genotypes
- Track 7-2Cultural techniques
- Track 7-3Vegetative propagation
- Track 7-4Hybridization
- Track 7-5DNA technology
An allergy is our immune systems reaction to the foreign substance called allergens that is mistakenly recognizes as a pathogen and attacks it. Certain foods, pollen or pet dander, drug, insect sting are examples of allergens. The allergic reactions can vary in severity from mild to extreme. Sneezing, itching in the nose, eyes, and a stuffy nose are some of the symptoms we experience as a result of these allergens. In some severe cases, they can cause a life threatening reactions like anaphylaxis.
- Track 8-1Allergy pathogenesis
- Track 8-2Symptoms
- Track 8-3Primary immunodeficiency disorders
- Track 8-4Auto-inflammatory syndromes
- Track 8-5Anaphylaxis
Antimicrobials are used to treat infections caused by species such as bacteria, fungi and viruses. These compounds may be synthesized or extracted from naturally occurring substances. They are used to kill the microorganisms or halt their growth. Antimicrobial drugs can be classified based on the microorganisms they target. For example, antibacterial, antifungals, antiparasitic, and antiviral drugs
- Track 9-1Infections and microbicides
- Track 9-2Antimicrobial chemotherapy
- Track 9-3Antimicrobial prophylaxis
- Track 9-4Synthetic agents
- Track 9-5Disinfectants, Antiseptics, Antibiotics
An infectious disease is defined as an illness or disease due to a pathogen or its toxic product, which occurs through the transmission from an infected person, an infected animal, or an object to a susceptible host. Person with suppressed immune system have greater risk for infections. Control of infectious diseases aimed at actions and programmes towards reducing the incidence of new infectious diseases, reducing the prevalence by shortening the duration of infectious disease and reducing or eliminating the long term impairments.
- Track 10-1Communicable diseases
- Track 10-2Morbidity, Disability, Mobility
- Track 10-3Tetanus
- Track 10-4Signs and symptoms
- Track 10-5Agent, Transmission and host
In a mechanism known as binary fission, bacterial growth is the Rapid replication of a bacterium, resulting in an increase in the number of bacteria in a population than the size of the cells. The daughter cells that results are genetically identical to the parent cell. The time taken for the growth of bacteria to develop may vary by the environmental conditions and nature of the bacterial species. The composition of the growth medium is also an important factor for controlling the growth rate.
- Track 11-1Binary fission
- Track 11-2Bacterial growth culture
- Track 11-3Different phases
- Track 11-4Natural genetic transformation
- Track 11-5Environmental factors
Environmental microbiology is that the study of microorganisms within the environment, microbial communities and interactions. Here the environment means air, soil, water and sediments covering the planet and can also include the animals and plants that inhabit these areas.
- Track 12-1Genetics
- Track 12-2Evolution
- Track 12-3Diversity
- Track 12-4Microbial ecology
- Track 12-5 Biogeochemical process
Veterinary microbiology is that the study of microorganisms that cause infectious disease in domesticated vertebrate animal species. These disease causing agents include virus, bacteria and parasites. Veterinary microbiology deals with the ethics, epidemiology, animal husbandry, diary technology and infection control
- Track 13-1Animal bioscience
- Track 13-2Bacteriology
- Track 13-3Virology
- Track 13-4Mycology
- Track 13-5Zoonotic diseases
Pharmaceutical microbiology is that the study of microorganisms that deals with the manufacture of pharmaceutical. It includes the research and development of anti-infective agents, use of microorganism to detect mutagens and carcinogen activity in drugs. Drug safety is the major focus of pharmaceutical microbiology.
- Track 14-1Anti-infective agents
- Track 14-2Mutagenic and carcinogenic
- Track 14-3Drug safety
- Track 14-4Antimicrobial activity and disinfection
- Track 14-5Methods and specifications
Immune deficiency is a state where the immune system ability to fight against the infectious diseases is compromised or entirely absent. Thus it is also known as immunocompromisation. It is of two types as Primary immunodeficiency caused by genetic factors and secondary immunodeficiency as a result of environmental factors such as HIV/AIDS or malnutrition. It treatment includes antibiotics and immunoglobulin therapy.
- Track 15-1Blood test
- Track 15-2Prenatal testing
- Track 15-3Managing infections
- Track 15-4Boost the immune system
- Track 15-5Stem-cell transplantation
Autoimmunity is a condition in which the immune system destroys its own healthy cells, tissues and other normal body constituents by releasing the protein called autoantibody. The common autoimmune disorders include Addison disease, Graves’ disease, multiple sclerosis, pernicious anemia.
- Track 16-1Genetic factors
- Track 16-2Infectious diseases and parasites
- Track 16-3Chemical agents and drugs
- Track 16-4Pathogenesis of autoimmunity
- Track 16-5Immunofluorescence
- Track 16-6Helminthic therapy and T-cell vaccination
Neuroimmunology is the field of neurology and immunology, fundamental and applied biology chemistry. It is the study of neuroscience and immune system. The interaction of the nervous system and immune system during development, homeostasis (state of steady internal, physical and chemical conditions maintained by living organisms) and response to the injuries is been developing to treat or prevent the neuroimmunological diseases.
- Track 17-1Neuroscience
- Track 17-2Epigenetics
- Track 17-3Neuroinflammatory disorders
- Track 17-4Neurodegenerative diseases
- Track 17-5microglia
Immunology evolution involves the study of evolution of immune system and immunity over these years. These studies include relationship between nonspecific (innate immunity) and specific (acquired immunity), how graft rejection occurs, occurrence and development of T and B cells of the immunity.
- Track 18-1Specific and non-specific
- Track 18-2Graft rejection
- Track 18-3T-cells and B-cells of immunity
Stem cell immunology is the branch of immunology that deals with the Methods to rejuvenate cancer fighting immune cells and strengthens the ability of the ageing cells. Stem cells are currently used as a treatment for tissue regeneration in neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
- Track 19-1Immunogenicity
- Track 19-2Immune rejection
- Track 19-3Immune response
- Track 19-4Immune regulation
Pathology is a field of medicine that studies and diagnoses disease by examining surgically removed organs, tissues (biopsy samples), physiological fluids, and, in certain situations, the entire body (autopsy). Pathology also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, which investigates the causes, mechanisms, and scope of disease.
- Track 20-1Autopsy
- Track 20-2Biopsy
- Track 20-3Cellular Adaptation
- Track 20-4Cancer diagnosis
- Track 20-5Genetic studies
Surgical pathology allows for a definitive diagnosis of disease in every scenario when a patient's tissue is surgically removed. This is normally accomplished using a combination of physical (macroscopic) and histologic (microscopic) examinations of the tissue, and may also include immunohistochemistry or other laboratory tests to assess the tissue's molecular properties. For most anatomical pathologists, surgical pathology is the most important and time-consuming field of practise.
- Track 21-1Examining tissues
- Track 21-2Macroscopic tissue analysis
- Track 21-3Microscopic tissue analysis
- Track 21-4Immunohistochemistry
- Track 21-5Biopsies and Surgical resections